Terminology of the World Shorin-Ryu Karate-Do Federation


A

a so -- "Oh, is that right?" (exclamation)

abunai -- Danger; dangerous.

age hiji ate -- Rising elbow strike.

ago -- The jaw.

Arakaki Ankichi (1899-1927) -- Sensei of Nagamine Shoshin; student of Choshin Chibana and Chotoku Kyan.

arigato -- "Thank you." Not to be used toward your senior.

arigato gozaimashita -- "Thank you very much for what you did." (more polite; formal)

arigato gozaimasu -- "Thank you very much for what you are doing." (more polite; formal)

ashi -- A foot; a leg.

atama -- The head. (forehead, top of head and back)

ate -- A strike to a specific point.

atemi -- Concentrated power.

atemi-waza -- Techniques for striking vital points.

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B

bayashi -- Alternative spelling of hayashi. (forest)

benkyo -- Study.

bo -- Wooden staff, 5 to 6 ft in length. (kon)

budo -- Military or martial way or path. "Bu" literally means to stop a spear. "Do" means way or path.

bunkai -- To take apart, an analysis of movements.

bushi -- A warrior.

bushido -- The way of the warrior. A code of ethics, mainly to keep a samurai under control.

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C

cha -- Tea.

Chibana Choshin (1887-1969) -- A student of Anko Itosu, first sensei of Ankichi Arakaki.

chishi -- An ancient form of dumbbell. A heavy stone on a wooden handle.

chotto-matte kudasai -- "Just a moment, please."

chudan -- Middle level, from the waist to the neck.

chudan hasami uke -- Middle scissors block.

chudan shotei ate -- Middle palm-heel smash.

chudan shotei uke -- Middle palm-heel block.

chudan shuto uke -- Middle knife-hand block.

chudan soto mawashi uke -- Middle sideward round block.

chudan soto shuto uke -- Middle outward knife-hand block.

chudan soto uke -- Middle outward block.

chudan uchi uke -- Middle inner block.

chudan uke -- Middle block.

chudan wari uke -- Middle split block.

chudan yoko shuto uke -- Middle sideward knife-hand block.

chudan yoko uke -- Middle sideward block.

chudan zuki -- Middle punch.

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D

dachi -- A stance. Alternative spelling of "tachi".

daijobu -- OK, all right.

dan -- A step; a grade. Indicative of a level of performance as a black belt.

deshi -- A student or disciple.

do -- Way; path; an art practiced as a way of life.

do itashimashite -- You are welcome.

dojo -- Training hall for budo.

domo arigato gozaimasu -- Thank you very much. (most polite)

dozo -- A request. Please, do this.

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E

eiku -- A wooden oar.

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F

ukubu geri -- Abdomen kick.

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G

ganbatte kudasai -- Courage; give it your best effort.

gedan -- Lower level; below the waist.

gedan haito yoko uke -- A lower sideward reverse knife-hand block.

gedan kosa uke -- A downward cross block.

gedan shotei ate -- A lower palm-heel smash.

gedan shotei uke -- A lower palm-heel block.

gedan shuto uke -- A lower knife-hand block.

gedan shuto yoko barai uke -- A lower sideward knife-hand slashing block

gedan uke -- A downward block (from the inside outward).

gedan yoko barai uke -- A lower sideward block.

gedan zuki -- A downward punch.

geta -- Clogs; sandals. (usually wooden)

gi -- A uniform.

gomen kudasai -- Excuse me.

Gorin-No-Sho -- Book of Five Rings was written by Miyamoto Musashi in 1645 is a book of strategy.

gyaku zuki -- A reverse or cross punch. (with the rear hand)

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H

hai -- "That's right!"; "Yes!" Means that you agree with the question.

haito uchi -- A reverse knife-hand strike. (Naihanchi I)

haito uke -- A reverse knife-hand block.

hajime -- Begin.

hakama -- The formal divided skirt worn by students of most traditional arts.

hanshi -- A master instructor. Third and highest teaching title.

hantai -- Opposite; reverse.

hara -- Lower abdomen; the location of one's soul.

hayaku -- Quickly.

hayashi -- Forest.

hazushi uke -- Removing block.

heisoku dachi -- Closed foot formal stance with both feet parallel and touching.

hidari -- Left (direction).

hidari ashi mae shizentai dachi -- Left front foot natural stance.

hiji -- The elbow.

hiji ate -- An elbow smash.

hiji uke -- An elbow block.

hiza -- The knee.

hiza ate -- A knee smash.

hombu/honbu dojo -- The main or headquarters dojo.

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I

iie -- "no” or “That's wrong."

Itosu Yasutsune "Anko" (1830-1915) -- A sensei of Nagamine Shoshin and student of Sokon Matsumura and Kosaku Matsumura. Created the 5 pinan kata in 1907. "Anko" means "Iron Horse."

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J

jigotai dachi -- A wide open-leg stance.

jiyu-kumite -- Free-style sparring

jo -- A short staff about 4 feet. Also upper.

jodan -- The upper level. (Above the neck)

jodan kosa uke -- Upper cross block.

jodan shotei ate -- Upper palm-heel smash.

jodan uchi shuto uke -- Upper inner knife-hand block.

jodan uke -- Upper level block.

jodan wari uke -- Upper split block.

jodan zuki -- An upper level punch.

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K

kakushi zuki -- Hidden fist punch (Wanshu).

kaku zuki -- Square (corner) punch.

kamae -- A fighting posture.

kara -- Empty or China, depending upon the character.

karate -- Empty-hand self-defense art.

karate-do -- The way of Karate.

karateka -- One who practices Karate.

kata -- Form, a prearranged exercise. There are 18 kata in Matsubayashi-Ryu.

kentsui -- Hammer fist.

kentsui uchi -- hammer fist strike

keri -- A kick. (geri is the alternate spelling)

keri waza -- Kicking techniques.

ki -- he life force; spirit energy.

kiai -- Spirit convergence, often coinciding with a yell.

kihon -- Basics; fundamentals; foundations.

kinteki geri -- A groin kick.

kobudo -- The ancient weapon arts of Okinawa.

kobujutsu -- Ancient weapon arts.

kokutsu dach -- A back-leg bent stance.

konnichiwa -- Hello, good afternoon.

kumite -- Sparring.

Kusanku -- The most advanced Matsubayashi-Ryu kata; Chinese martial artist who taught Tode Sakugawa.

Kyan Chotoku (1870-1945) -- A sensei of Nagamine Shoshin, as well as Ankichi Arakaki.

kyobu -- The chest.

kyobu geri -- A chest kick.

kyobu morote shuto uchi -- A double knife-hand chest strike.

kyoshi -- Second teaching title given at nanadan.

kyu -- A rank below black belt.

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M

mae geri -- A front kick.

mae hiji ate -- A forward elbow strike.

makite uke -- Winding knife-hand block.

makiwara -- A striking board. (Of various types)

Matsubayashi-Ryu -- Pine forest style, developed by Nagamine Shoshin

Matsumura Sokon "Bushi" (1796-1884) -- An Okinawan karate pioneer. A student of Tode Sakugawa; Master of Shuri-te. Some claim that he composed the kata Chinto, but not confirmed.

mawashi geri -- A roundhouse kick. Relatively modern addition to karate, and therefore does not appear in any kata.

mawatte -- Command to turn.

migi -- Right (direction).

migi ashi mae shizentai dachi -- Right foot front natural stance.

Miyagi Chojun -- The founder of Goju Ryu and creator of Fukyugata Ni; Miyagi Sensei nominated Nagamine Sensei for his renshi ranking.

moichido -- Once again.

mokuso -- Meditation.

morote -- Double, or with both hands. With one hand (arm) helping the other.

morote barai uke -- An augmented lower block.

morote nuki zuki -- A double spear-hand thrust.

Motobu Choki (1871-1944) -- A sensei of Nagamine Shoshin; student of Kosaku Matsumora; Motobu was especially known for his skill at kumite and heavily influenced Nagamine Sensei in the creation of the 7 yakusoku kumite. Famous for defeating (with ease) a professional boxer in Kyoto in 1921.

mudansha -- A kyu grade level holder.

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N

Nagamine Shoshin -- The founder of Matsubayashi-Ryu and creator of Fukyugata Ichi; author of The Essence of Okinawan Karate-Do

Naha-Te -- Karate developed in the Naha area of Okinawa. Founded by Kanyo Higaonna.

naihanchi dachi -- Straddle-leg stance with feet parallel. (kiba dachi)

naname -- Slanted; toward the diagonal.

naname zenkutsu dachi -- Slanted front bent-leg stance.

neko ashi dachi -- Cat stance.

nidan geri -- A double flying front kick; to kick at two levels.

Nihon -- Japan

Nippon -- Japan

nukite zuki -- Spear-hand thrust.

nunchaku -- A wooden flailing weapon.

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O

obi -- A belt. A traditional man's obi was 4" wide and 10' long.

ohayo gozaimasu -- Good morning.

oi zuki -- A chasing punch; to attack while pursuing.

onegai-shimasu -- "I humbly request." "Please do me a favor." Said to one's training partner prior to practice.

O-sensei -- A title of great respect, usually reserved for the founder of an art.

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R

rei -- A bow (of respect).

renshi -- The first teaching title; qualified instructor; Grand Master Shoshin Nagamine was nominated for his Renshi grade by Chojun Miyagi.

renzoku -- Continuance; succession; series; without count.

ryu -- A style of an art. A school or system.

Ryukyu -- Okinawa

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S

sagurite no kamae -- The searching-hand (or shadow-hand) fighting posture.

sai -- A trident-shaped ancient sword-blocking weapon.

saijutsu -- The art of using the sai.

Sakugawa no kon sho -- An ancient bo kata developed by Sakugawa.

Sakugawa Tode (1733-1815) -- A famous Okinawan teacher.

samurai -- A warrior of the feudal period who had sworn allegiance to a lord.

sasae hiji ate -- Supported elbow smash.

sasae uke -- Supported forearm block.

sayonara -- Goodbye.

sayu barai uke -- A double lower side block.

sayu zuki -- A double side punch.

seiken -- The front of the fist.

seiken ude uke -- A forearm block.

seiken waza -- Fist technique.

seiza -- A formal seated posture with both feet tucked under one's hips.

senpai -- A senior.

sensei -- A title of respect for someone older (and wiser); teacher; instructor.

shiro -- The color white.

Shiro Matsu no kon sho -- White pine bo kata.

shizentai dachi -- A natural stance.

shi zuki -- Beak thrust.

Shorei-Ryu -- Early Karate school developed around Naha city. Previously known as Naha-te.

Shorin -- Pine forest.

Shorin-Ryu -- Early Karate school developed from Shuri and Tomari.

shotei -- Palm-heel. Same as teisho.

shotei ate -- A palm-heel smash.

shotei uke -- A palm-heel block.

shugo -- "Line up!".

Shushi no kon sho -- Bo kata.

shuto -- Hand-sword. The edge of the hand (used as a weapon).

shuto uchi -- A strike with the edge of the hand.

shuto uke -- A block with the edge of the hand.

shuto waza -- Edge of the hand techniques.

sokuto -- The edge of the foot. (used as a weapon).

sokuto geri -- A foot-edge kick. (yoko-geri)

soto hachiji shizentai dachi -- Open-leg natural stance.

suirakan no kamae -- A drunkard fighting posture.

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T

tachi -- A stance. Specifically, the attitude of the body below the waist.

tachikata -- Stances.

tanden -- A spot two inches below the navel. The abdomen.

tatami -- Floor mats made of bundled straw.

tate hiji ate -- An upward elbow smash.

te -- The hand. An old name for karate on Okinawa (prior to 1400).

tekko -- Metal knuckles.

tenshin -- Body and distance shifting; body motion.

tenshin no kamae -- A body shifting fighting posture.

tomodachi -- A friend; classmate.

tomoe shotei ate -- A circular palm-heel smash.

tsuki -- A punch; a thrust.

tsuki waza -- Punching or thrusting techniques.

tsumasaki geri -- Toe-tip kick.

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U

uchi -- A strike.

uchi waza -- Striking techniques.

ude -- The arm or forearm.

uke -- A block.

uke waza -- Blocking techniques.

uraken -- Backfist.

uraken uchi -- A backfist strike.

ushiro -- Rear, backward.

ushiro geri -- A back kick; a kick to the rear.

ushiro hiji ate -- A backward elbow smash.

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W

wakarimasen -- "I don't understand."

wakarimasu -- "I understand."

wari uke -- A split block.

wari uke zuki -- A split block punch.

washi -- A special paper used to clean a sword.

waza -- A technique.

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Y

yakusoku kumite -- "A promise" kumite. Seven sets of pre-arranged sparring developed by Nagamine Shoshin

yame -- "Stop!"

yoko -- Side.

yoko geri -- A side foot-edge kick.

yoko hiji ate -- A side elbow smash.

yukkuri -- Slowly.

yudansha -- A graded student. (Shodan and above)

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Z

zabuton -- A large cushion used for zazen.

zanshin -- "Zanshin is the state of mind where one is able to proceed from the end of one movement to the next movement freely. It literally means being absolutely attentive to the next move right after the previous move. In zanshin the mind focuses completely on the body's movements. To be distracted by another's moves in a fighting situation is to lose zanshin; to stop one's mind from flowing from move to move while practicing is to lose zanshin." Essence of Okinawan Karate, page 100.

zazen -- Seated Zen meditation.

Zen -- A Japanese school of Buddhism in which enlightment is attained through direct intuitive insight. Founded in China by Daruma in 557 A.D. and brought to Japan in 1191.

zenkutsu dachi -- A front bent-leg stance.

zenshin -- The entire body.

zuki -- Alternative spelling of tsuki, a punch.

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